What is Acne Vulgaris?
Acne vulgaris, commonly called acne, is a long-term skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil from the skin. It commonly causes whiteheads, blackheads, pimples and other types of lesions. Acne affects mostly skin with a high density of sebaceous follicles, primarily on the face, back, and chest.
How is Acne Vulgaris caused?
Acne Vulgaris is caused by a combination of factors that affect your hair follicles and the oil (or sebaceous) glands connected to your hair follicles. These factors can include an excess buildup of oil in the skin, dead skin cells that accumulate in the pores, p.acnes bacteria, an increase of hormones such as androgens, and a reaction to inflammation caused by these factors.
What is the best treatment for Acne Vulgaris?
The best treatments for Acne Vulgaris depend on the severity and type of acne. Generally, treatments may include topical medications, antibiotics, and oral retinoids. Over-the-counter products such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid may help mild acne, while prescription strength medications are often necessary for more severe cases. Additionally, lifestyle modifications such as avoiding dairy, as well as nutritional supplements and skincare routine changes can also be helpful in managing acne. The treatment regimen should be individualized by a dermatologist to effectively treat acne.
What triggers may worsen Acne Vulgaris?
Acne Vulgaris can be worsened by certain triggers, such as hormones, stress, genetics, diet, and use of certain medications or skin products. Hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur during puberty, pregnancy, and menstrual cycles, can cause acne to worsen. Stress can also cause a flare-up, as can certain foods or food additives, such as dairy, sugar, refined grains, and foods high in trans fats. Genetics can also contribute to an individual’s risk of developing acne, as well as the medications and products they may be using.
Is it possible to reduce the symptoms of Acne Vulgaris?
Yes, it is possible to reduce the symptoms of Acne Vulgaris. Some treatments include topical medications, oral antibiotics, hormonal therapy, and lifestyle changes. Over-the-counter products containing salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide are the most common way to reduce the symptoms of Acne Vulgaris. It is important to remember that the best approach includes both topical and oral treatments, as well as lifestyle modifications such as reducing stress.
Are there any medical therapies available for Acne Vulgaris?
Yes, medical therapies available for Acne Vulgaris include topical antibiotics and retinoids, as well as oral antibiotics and hormonal therapies.
How can stress contribute to Acne Vulgaris?
Stress can contribute to Acne Vulgaris through three main mechanisms. First, stress can increase the production of the stress hormone cortisol. Cortisol has been shown to increase inflammation in the skin, which can trigger acne. Second, stress can decrease the production of the sebocyte disrupting hormone, which is responsible for controlling the production of sebum and keeping the skin hydrated. Finally, stress can increase the production of sebum, which can clog pores and lead to acne. It can also lead to inflammatory reactions, which can cause breakouts.
Are there any lifestyle changes that can help to manage Acne Vulgaris?
Yes, there are several lifestyle changes that can help manage Acne Vulgaris including:
– Limiting or avoiding processed food
– Eating a balanced diet with plenty of fresh vegetables, fruits, healthy fats, and proteins
– Ensuring adequate hydration
– Washing your face twice daily with a mild, non-comedogenic cleanser
– Avoiding picking, squeezing, or popping any pimples
– Minimizing sun exposure
– Reducing stress levels
– Getting adequate sleep
– Not smoking
How long does it take for Acne Vulgaris to clear up?
It typically takes between 8 to 12 weeks for Acne Vulgaris to clear up. However, it can take up to 6 months or longer in some cases. The length of time depends on the type of acne, treatment used, and the individual’s response to treatment.
What kind of skin care products are safe to use with Acne Vulgaris?
There are several skin care products that are safe to use with acne vulgaris. These include non-comedogenic, fragrance-free cleansers and moisturizers that are oil-free and non-comedogenic (oil-free, non-pore clogging). Some products that contain benzoyl peroxide, retinoids, and salicylic acid can also help to improve acne, but should only be used as recommended by a dermatologist. Products containing tea tree oil and sulfur may also help to provide relief for symptoms of acne vulgaris.